Honey and its use

Honey is Tervaöljy’s significant component.

Honey contains over 200 natural ingredients which of the most important ones are:

1)      fructose (40%)

2)      glucose (35%)

3)      sucrose (1%)

4)      water (17%)

5)      the rest (less than 1%) are enzymes, amino acid, vitamins (A-, C-, D-, E- and B-vitamins), minerals and micronutriens (Ca, Cu, Fe, Mg, Mn, K, Na, etc), acids and usually pollen as well.


Honey in traditional medicine:

Before antibiotics, honey was used to prevent different diseases as well as to tend skin. It was used to treat cuts, abscess, burns, boils and warts.


Honey in skin caring:

Antiseptic and skin healing honey calms irritated and infected skin. It enlivens skin’s blood circulation healing its metabolism.  Honey enchances metabolism waste to leave from the cells and binds moisture strongly helping the skin stay softly elastic. Honey contains pollen which has been observed to strenghten skin, hair and nails.


Honey’s antimicrobiallisis:

Honey is antimicrobic; it kills infections and wound developing bacteria, yeasts and fungus and prevents their growth.

Antimicrobic of honey is caused by honey’s moisturebinding ability, high sugar-containing level and acidic pH-indicator (approximately 3,6-4,5).

Honey’s contents of fenolin particles, methylglyoxal and defensin 1-protein also influence honey’s antimicrobical nature.


Because of Glucose oxidase in honey, bacterial killing hydrogen peroxide is born


Honey’s comprising glucose oxidase enzyme fuction produces bacterial killing hydrogen peroxide which was previously used as a common wound disinfectant in Finland.


Kalium in honeys prevents bacterial acticity by dispelling moisture.

According to some studies, honey can either kill or prevent tens of different microbibreeds growth. Many of the known microbies have manage to develop immunity to mostly known medicamenta and antibiotics, but with honey their growth has been able to be stopped.


Honey - a breathing salve:

Honey both cleans the wound and decreases swelling around it. Because of the water-soluble quality honey is thought of as a breathing wound ointment, which advances liquid in the wound to come off from the skin tissue.

Honey ointment breathes better than normal wound salves, which when used abundantly can poultice the wound and the healthy skin around it.


Nutrients like naturalsugars and vitamins in honey advances new skin tissue to born.


Honey in horses’ wound care:

According to Glasgow University’s research, callunahoney is especially efficient while tending horses’ ulcers.

In a research in Lund University tens of horses serious skinwounds were treated to exellent condition using honey.



Common Yarrow and its use

Common Yarrow is significant ingredient in Tervaöljy.

Common Yarrow- Achilliea millefolium, Asteraceae

Common Yerrow has been used, through out the years, to treat different kind of skinproblems like ulcers, contusions, abrasions, sores, acne, varicose veins, abcesses, burns and infections.

Herb’s agents are phenol acids, sterols, resin, coumarins, tannins, alfa- and betapinenes, flavonoids (i.a. luteolin and apigenin), seksviterpenelactone akilliini, and ethereal oils (0,2-1,0%), including among others cineole, camphor, eugenol, proazulenes, azulenes, salicylic acid and infection preventing  bitters, tannins, flavonoids and alkaloids.

Cineole is antiseptic, which loosens mucus and decimates parasites. Proazulenes constrains infections and heals wounds. Tannins reduce outwardly skin and inwardly intestines.

Eugenol decreases local pain.

Betosini prevents bleeding.

With a help of herb’s crushed leaves, edges of a fresh wound has been healed quickly and pains from rheumatism and qout have been subsided. This medicide is also antibiotic and antibacterial and therefore is able to prevent infections and reduce slightly high tempereture.

Tar and its use

Tar is a significant ingredient in Tervaöljy.

Wood tar with its hundreds of components has a complex chemical composition. Used raw-material and production method effect on tar’s composition.

Tar’s maincomponents are:

1)      hydrocarbon formed from cellulose

2)      aromatic components formed from lignin such as phenols (10%),  carbolic acids, guajacol and kresols (kresols, kreosols, methyl-kresol)

3)      polymers, terpenes and resin acids formed from resin

4)      oils and their esters

5)      paraffinhydrocarbons

6)      fatty acids

7)      toluene, xylene, naphthalene, pholor, pyrocatechol


Freshly burned tar includes water, turpentineoil and wood acid as well


Use of tar

In traditional medicide tar was common medicine, which was use to treat wounds, contusions, skin problems, pemphigoid, rosacea, skin infections, fungus infections, mange and cough.

In animal care, tar has been used to treat the domestic animals’ wounds and cows’ udders. Tar has also been a great help to protect animals from flies and other insects.

Tar  has also been used to treat animals’ internal organs by feeding sugarcubes dipped in tar to the anima or making them breathe tarsteam.


Effects of tar

Tar is stimulative and diuretic.

Tar is thought to slow down the dividing of skin cells and therefore used to treat psoriasis

Phenols in tar kills fungus and reduces the itchiness.

Tar has a banishing effect to insects.

Taroil calms the itching caused by insect bites.

Tar is excellent in reducing the itch and it is used locally to the itching skin.

In wound care, absorptive tar is used for example to pull out the pus from infected wound.

Tar is stimulating antiseptic and it is used to treat wounds, skin problems, warts, and to chronic and flaky skin diseases. With a great success tar is also used to treat psoriasis and to some extent chronic eczema, and other skindiseases as well.

Internally tar is used as a disinfectant cough medicine to treat chronical cough, bronchitis and laryngitis.

Take into account:

Tar is sensitive and is neutral in pH-scale. It is suitable for people with sensitive skin and allergies. Tar-allergy is very rare.


Marita Sjöberg

Natural pruduct adviser



Immonen Esko, Tervanpolttajan muistelmia. 1995

Kress Henrietta, Practical Herbs, 2.

Rasimus Sanna, Terva nyt ja tulevaisuudessa. Thesis in degree programme in forestry. 2006